US Comics character, sometimes rendered as $crooge McDuck, created by Carl Barks in "Christmas on Bear Mountain" (1947) for a one-shot Donald Duck comic. Scrooge, Donald's uncle, rapidly became more popular in the Disney comics than Donald himself; he also picked up along the way Donald's nephews Huey, Dewey and Louie as Companions as he embarked on ever more fantasticated adventures. Barks's Scrooge tales are now generally regarded as major achievements of 20th-century fantasy, although Disney was slow to realize the artist/writer's genius. (> Carl Barks for bibliography.) The essence of Scrooge is that he is the richest duck in history, having hoarded billions which he is unwilling to spend – especially not the first dime he ever earned, which has become a kind of fetish to him. A frequent enemy is the sorceress Magica DeSpell, who has her eyes on that very dime.
Scrooge's first screen experience was in the animated tv educational featurette Scrooge McDuck and Money (1967). His second was in Mickey's Christmas Carol (1983; > A Christmas Carol), where he played the part of Charles Dickens's miser. He was the central character in the tv series DuckTales (from 1987) and its offshoot Ducktales: The Movie – Treasure of the Lost Lamp (1990). [JG]