(1846-1934) US writer, the son of Nathaniel Hawthorne; he lived in London for some years. He frequently rearranged, retitled and sometimes rewrote his works for their UK and US publications; his bibliography is inordinately complex. He began publishing short fiction in 1870, much of his early work – including "Otto of Roses" (1871; rev vt "The Rose of Death" 1876) – being fantastic. His first novel, Bressant (1873), briefly involves a Ghost but is not nearly as strange as the marginally supernatural Gothic tale Idolatry (1874), whose plot involves two fateful Rings. His most notable full-length fantasies are the dual-personality story Archibald Malmaison (1879) and the metaphysical fantasy The Professor's Sister (1888; vt The Spectre of the Camera UK). An interesting collection of fantasy novellas, ostensibly for children, Yellow-Cap (coll 1880), includes the peculiar Allegory "Calladon".
Many of JH's novellas and short stories are melodramatic weird tales of Curses and apparitions, some drawing inspiration from his Swedenborgian faith. Those of most fantasy interest are the cosmic-vision story "The New Endymion" (1879) and the timeslip Vampire tale "Ken's Mystery" (1883; in David Poindexter's Disappearance and Other Stories coll 1888). Kildhurm's Oak: A Strange Friend (1889) had earlier appeared in Ellice Quentin and Other Stories (coll 1880), which also includes "The New Endymion". The title novella of The Laughing Mill and Other Stories (coll 1879) was reprinted as the second item in Prince Saroni's Wife and The Pearl Shell Necklace (coll 1884); another item from the former collection became the second element in Constance and Calbot's Rival (coll 1889). Sinfire (1888) has no supernatural content, but is sometimes listed as fantasy. Of interest is The Golden Fleece (1892). Several Supernatural Fictions are included in the Club-Story collection Six Cent Sam's (coll 1893; vt Mr Dunton's Invention and Other Stories). JH's progressive ideas regarding social reform were summarized in the Timeslip story "June 1993" (1893 Cosmopolitan).
JH's career was interrupted by a jail term for his (probably unwitting) involvement in a land fraud. He moved to California, where he wrote for newspapers but found it difficult to publish books. The best of his subsequent fantasies is "The Delusion of Ralph Penwyn" (1909); most of the remainder appeared in the pulp Magazine All-Story Weekly. These include the futuristic fantasy novel "The Cosmic Courtship" (1917) and the Martha Klemm series of tales of Spiritualism, which concluded with the novel "Sara was Judith?" (1920). He tried unsuccessfully to sell this and other projects to the movies.
JH edited a notable series of anthologies which included many translations of supernatural stories from various European languages: Library of the World's Best Mystery and Detective Stories (1908 6 vols; exp vt The Lock and Key Library: Classic Mystery and Detective Stories 1909 10 vols). He was probably the uncredited editor of One of Those Coincidences and Ten Other Stories by Julian Hawthorne and Others (anth 1899), in which JH's story and one other are fantastic. He edited a novel cobbled together from documents left behind by his father, Doctor Grimshawe's Secret: A Romance (1884), one of several versions of a projected novel about a quest for the Elixir of Life; others had earlier been published as Septimius (1872) and The Dolliver Romance (1876).
JH's daughter Hildegarde (1871-1952) wrote some fantasies, including two sentimental stories featuring ghostly children, "Perdita" (1897) and "Unawares" (1908); these can be found in Faded Garden: The Collected Ghost Stories of Hildegarde Hawthorne (coll 1985 chap) ed Jessica Amanda Salmonson. [BS]