Encyclopedia of Fantasy (1997)
Harryhausen, Ray

(1920-2013) US moviemaker, particularly renowned for his skill in creating screen Monsters; he was also an animator. He served an apprenticeship with Willis H O'Brien (1886-1982) before taking charge of spfx for Mighty Joe Young (1949), followed by The Beast from 20,000 Fathoms (1953), It Came from Beneath the Sea (1955) – his first movie done in conjunction with producer Charles H Schneer, with whom his partnership was virtually lifelong – Earth Versus the Flying Saucers (1956) and Twenty Million Miles to Earth (1957), for which he wrote the story. The Seventh Voyage of Sinbad (1958; > Sinbad Movies), The Three Worlds of Gulliver (1959; Gulliver Movies), Jason and the Argonauts (1963), One Million Years BC (1966; > One Million Bc), The Golden Voyage of Sinbad (1973; > Sinbad Movies) and Sinbad and the Eye of the Tiger (1977; > Sinbad Movies) followed. By this time RH's spfx were looking increasingly creaky; Clash of the Titans (1981), yet again done with Schneer, was an overdue swansong. [JG]

Ray Harryhausen

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This entry is taken from the Encyclopedia of Fantasy (1997) edited by John Clute and John Grant. It is provided as a reference and resource for users of the SF Encyclopedia, but apart from possible small corrections has not been updated.