Animation company set up in 1957 by William Hanna (1910-2001) and Joseph Barbera (1911-2006), who together created, at MGM, the characters Tom & Jerry (initially Jasper and an unnamed mouse) in Puss Gets the Boot (1940). Oddly, MGM producer Fred Quimby was dubious about the possibilities of this cartoon, and released it only reluctantly. For the next 17 years the Hanna-Barbera team produced a string of Tom & Jerry hit cartoons; when they departed MGM, leaving the characters behind them, no other director – even Chuck Jones – proved capable of picking up the baton; a nadir was reached with the full-length Animated Movie Tom and Jerry: The Movie (1992), dir Phil Roman.
HB became most famous for their limited-animation tv work, which included the series The Flintstones (1960-1966), Huckleberry Hound (1958-1961), Top Cat (1961-1962) and Yogi Bear (1961-1962, 1973-1975, 1988-1989); all were characterized by fast one-liners that more than made up for the economy of the animation. Other series have been The ABC Saturday Superstar Movie (1972-1973; vt The New Saturday Superstar Movie 1973-1974), Abbott and Costello, The Addams Family (1973-1975), The Adventures of Gulliver (1968-1979), The Adventures of Jonny Quest (1964-1965), The All-New Popeye Hour (1978-1981), The All-New Scooby and Scrappy-Doo Show (1983-1984), The All-New Super Friends Hour (1977-1978) – which featured Superheroes from DC Comics – The Amazing Chan and the Chan Clan (1972-1974), Amigo and Friends (1980-1982), The Atom Ant Show (1968) and The Secret Squirrel Show (1967) and The Atom Ant/Secret Squirrel Show (1965-1967), The Banana Splits Adventure Hour (1968-1970), The Best of Scooby-Doo (1983-1984), Birdman and the Galaxy Trio (1967-1968), The Biskitts (1983-1984), Buford and the Galloping Ghost (1979), Butch Cassidy and the Sun Dance Kids (1973-1974), Captain Caveman and the Teen Angels (1980), Captain Inventory (1973), Casper and the Angels (1979-1980) (> Casper, the Friendly Ghost), The Cattanooga Cats (1969-1970), C.B. Bears (1977-1978), Challenge of the Gobots (1984), Clue Club (1976-1977), The Completely Mental Misadventures of Ed Grimley (1988-1989), Dastardly and Muttley and their Flying Machines (1969-1971), Drak Pack (1980-1982) – featuring youthful descendants of the Frankenstein monster, Dracula and the Wolf Man – The Dukes (1983), Dynomutt, Dog Wonder (1978), Fantastic Four (1967-1970), Fantastic Max (1988), The Flintstone Kids (1986-1988), Fonz and the Happy Days Gang (1980-1982), Foofur (1986-1988), Frankenstein Jr and The Impossibles (1966-1968), The Funky Phantom (1971-1972), The Galaxy Goof-Ups (1978-1979), Galtar and the Golden Lance (1985), The Godzilla Show (1979) and The Godzilla Power Hour (1978; vt Godzilla and the Super 90), Goober and the Ghost Chasers (1973-1975), The Harlem Globetrotters (1970-1973) and The Super Globetrotters (1979), Help! It's the Hair Bear Bunch (1971-1972), The Herculoids (1967-1969), Hong Kong Phooey (1974-1976), Inch-High Private Eye (1973-1974), Jabberjaw (1976-1978), Jeannie (1973-1975) – a spinoff from I Dream of Jeannie (1965-1970) – The Jetsons (1962-1964), Jokebook (1982), Josie and the Pussycats (1970-1972; vt Josie and the Pussycats in Outer Space 1972-1974), The Kwicky Koala Show (1981-1982), Laurel and Hardy (1966), Laverne and Shirley with The Fonz (1982-1983), Lippy the Lion (1962), The Little Rascals/Richie Rich Show (1982-1984), The Magilla Gorilla Show (1964), Moby Dick & the Mighty Mightor (1967-1969), Monchichis (1983-1984), Mork and Mindy (1982-1983), Motormouse and Autocat (1970-1971), The New Adventures of Huck Finn (1968-1969), The New Scooby-Doo Comedy Movies (1972-1974), The New Scooby-Doo Mysteries (1984-1985), The New Shmoo (1979), The Pac-Man Show (1982-1983), Paddington Bear (1989), Partridge Family: 2200 AD (1974-1975), The Paw Paws (1985), Peter Potamus and his Magic Flying Balloon (1964), Pound Puppies (1986-1987) and All-New Pound Puppies (1987-1988), A Pup Named Scooby-Doo (1988-1990), Quick Draw McGraw (1959-1962), Roman Holidays (1972-1973), The Ruff and Reddy Show (1957-1964), Sealab 2020 (1972-1973), Shazzan! (1967-1969), The Shirt Tales (1982-1984), Sinbad Jr (1965), The Skatebirds (1977-1978), The Snorks (1984-1988), Space Ghost and Dino Boy (1966-1968), Space Kiddettes (1966-1967), Space Stars (1981-1982), Speed Buggy (1973-1974), Super Friends (1973-1975) and Challenge of the Super Friends (1978-1979) and The World's Greatest Super Friends (1979-1980), Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians (1985-1986), These Are the Days (1974-1976), The Three Robonic Stooges (1978-1981), Touché Turtle (1962), The Trollkins (1981-1982), Valley of the Dinosaurs (1974-1976) and Wildfire (1986-1987). Most of these are journeyman stuff, suitable only for a Saturday morning, but almost without exception they contain material of fantasy interest. [JG]