The Roman god of love, also known as Amor, the equivalent of the Greek Eros. He was often in the company of his mother, Venus (see Aphrodite), and was conventionally represented as a cherubic youth firing arrows of desire from his bow.
Cupid's ill-fated marriage to Psyche (see Cupid and Psyche) was the literary creation of Apuleius; modern reconfigurations include Psiché (1671) by Molière (1622-1673) – which was the basis of Psyche (1675) by Thomas Shadwell (1642-1692) – Psyche (1898) by Louis Couperus (1863-1923) and Till We Have Faces (1956) by C S Lewis. Cupid is also featured in the satirical Venus & Cupid, or A Trip from Mount Olympus related by the Personal Conductor of the Party (1896) by "The Author of The Fight at Dame Europa's School" (Henry W Pullen) and the comical Olympian Nights (1902) by John Kendrick Bangs. One of his magical darts figures in the sentimental The Arrow (1927) by Christopher Morley. An artistic representation by G F Watts (1817-1904) is reinterpreted by Dan Simmons in "The Great Lover" (1993). [BS]