The Roman god of love, also known as Amor, the equivalent of the Greek Eros. He was often in the company of his mother, Venus (> Aphrodite), and was conventionally represented as a cherubic youth firing arrows of desire from his bow.
Cupid's ill-fated marriage to Psyche (> Cupid and Psyche) was the literary creation of Apuleius; modern reconfigurations include Psiché (1671) by Molière (1622-1673) – which was the basis of Psyche (1675) by Thomas Shadwell (1642-1692) – Psyche (1898) by Louis Couperus (1863-1923) and Till we Have Faces (1956) by C S Lewis. Cupid is also featured in the satirical Venus & Cupid, or A Trip from Mount Olympus related by the Personal Conductor of the Party (1896) by "The Author of The Fight at Dame Europa's School" (Henry W Pullen) and the comical Olympian Nights (1902) by John Kendrick Bangs. One of his magical darts figures in the sentimental The Arrow (1927) by Christopher Morley. An artistic representation by G F Watts (1817-1904) is reinterpreted by Dan Simmons in "The Great Lover" (1993). [BS]