(1940- ) Canadian-born critic and writer, in the UK from 1969. Though most of his work has been sf criticism (> SFE), he has also published considerable criticism devoted to fantasy. Collections of nonfiction pieces are Strokes: Essays and Reviews 1966-1986 (coll 1988 US) and Look at the Evidence: Essays and Reviews (coll dated 1995 but 1996). He served as Reviews Editor of Foundation: The Journal of Science Fiction 1980-1990, and was a founder of Interzone in 1982; he remains Advisory Editor of that magazine and since 1986 has, most months, contributed a review column. He was Associate Editor of the first edition of The Encyclopedia of Science Fiction (1979) ed Peter Nicholls (1939- ), which won a Hugo Award; JC was co-editor with Nicholls of the substantially expanded second edition (1993; rev 1995 US; exp vt Grolier Science Fiction: The Multimedia Encyclopedia of Science Fiction 1995 CD-ROM US), which is the text referred to in this encyclopedia as the SFE; it received several Awards, including the Hugo (again) and a BSFA Special. JC began publishing fiction of genre interest with "A Man Must Die" for New Worlds in 1966; a novel, The Disinheriting Party (1973 New Worlds; much exp 1977) embeds a Fantasy of History within a delusional frame (> Delusion). In 1994 he received the Pilgrim Award. [JC]
other works: Science Fiction: The Illustrated Encyclopedia (1995).
as editor: The Aspen Poetry Handbill (portfolio 1965 US), associational; Interzone: The 1st Anthology (anth 1985) with Colin Greenland and David Pringle; Interzone: The 2nd Anthology (anth 1987) with Greenland and Pringle; Interzone: The 3rd Anthology (anth 1988) with Pringle and Simon Ounsley; Interzone: The 4th Anthology (anth 1989) with Pringle and Ounsley; Interzone V (anth 1991) with Lee Montgomerie and Pringle.
John Frederick Clute