(1910-2004) UK-born US writer, since 1929 author of over 1000 stories and articles for the pulp and slick Magazines. His stories have covered all fields, though most are adventure and mystery, with a high proportion of Horror and Supernatural Fiction, and many written under pseudonyms, including H C Barnett, Justin Case, Jack D'Arcy, Rupert Knowles and Geoffrey Vace. HBC's work reflects most sensational themes, especially Vampires – in which subgenre "Stragella" (1932 Strange Tales) has become a minor classic. HBC's early fiction was collected by Karl Edward Wagner in Murgunstrumm and Others (coll 1977), which won the World Fantasy Award. A companion volume of pulpish terrors, Death Stalks the Night (coll 1995) remained unpublished for 18 years. Some of his more grotesque menace stories were collected as The Corpse Maker (coll 1988) ed Sheldon Jaffrey (1934- ).
After WWII HBC settled for a while in Haiti, and came into direct contact with Voodoo, about which he wrote several articles. When he returned to writing supernatural fiction in 1977 he used this background in Legion of the Dead (1979), The Evil (1981) and Shades of Evil (1982), all featuring Zombies.
HBC's work is colourful and unashamedly commercial. He received the Life-Achievement Bram Stoker Award in 1991. Cave's reminiscences of his career viewed through his correspondence with Carl Jacobi (1908-1997) was published as Magazines I Remember (1994). [MA]
other works: The Nebulon Horror (1980); Disciples of Dread (1988); The Lower Deep (1990); Lucifer's Eye (1991).
further reading: "Hugh B. Cave: Master of Vintage Horror" in Fantasy Voices (1982) by Jeffrey M Elliot, detailed interview; Pulp Man's Odyssey (1988) by Audrey Parente.
Hugh Barnett Cave